The BWCA Bar Trivia Challenge


On Wednesday, July 15, Indeed Brewing hosted the Friends of the Boundary Waters Wilderness in their taproom as part of their “Indeed We Can” program. It works like this: Indeed employees nominate their favorite non-profit organizations to receive the proceeds from the taproom every Wednesday evening, and that nonprofit gets to feature their work. We’re grateful that we were nominated and we had a great time talking to folks about our work keeping the Boundary Waters wild and protected forever.

As part of the festivities, there were two sessions of Boundary Waters Wilderness bar trivia. We had some strong competition in each session, with just one point separating the top three teams. Here are the winners:


     Game #1 (out of 40 points)

  1. Yellow Bellied Sapsuckers 28
  2. Air, Water, Bread Dough 27
  3. Abstract Feather 26

Game #2 (out of 40 points)

  1. An Album Cover 30
  2. Canoewering 29
  3. All American Woodcocks 28

If you missed it, keep an eye out for future events like this. Folks had a good time and learned something about the Boundary Waters by playing. If you think you can do better than our champions, here’s your chance. Take the quiz below. We gave 2 points for the exact answer, and 1 point for a partial or nearly correct answer. Here’s Game #1, can you beat the Yellow Bellied Sapsuckers score of 28? The answers are below, but cheaters never win, so no peeking!

  1. The highest point in Minnesota is located in the BWCA, what is its name?
  2. What is the maximum number of watercraft permitted in a single group in the Boundary Waters?
  3. What is the largest and deepest lake located in the BWCA? (Hint: it is not entirely within the BWCA boundaries)
  4. Name two officially designated hiking trails in the BWCA Wilderness.
  5. What is the most popular overnight paddling entry point to the Boundary Waters Wilderness by number of entry permits per day?
  6. Who was the last permanent human resident of the BWCA Wilderness?
  7. What is the least popular BWCA wilderness overnight paddling entry point from among these choices? Crocodile River, Angleworm Lake, North Fowl Lake, Mudro Lake
  8. Which Forest Service scientist retired so that be could lobby to protect the BWCA as a wilderness area in the 1970s?
  9. How many rods are in a mile?
  10. How long are you permitted to stay in the BWCA after you have entered?
  11. Which one of these is not a waterfall located in the BWCA? Curtain Falls, Basswood Falls, High Falls of the Pigeon River, Johnson Falls
  12. What is the oldest, still operating resort on the Gunflint Trail?
  13. According to the Leave No Trace video shown to BWCA visitors, how far away from the shoreline are you supposed to bathe, wash dishes, or dig a cathole?
  14. Which wilderness advocate was hung in effigy outside of Ely Junior High School in 1977?
  15. Which portage along the border route divides the Rainy River and Lake Superior watersheds?
  16. The Wilderness Act created the National Wilderness Preservation System, of which the BWCAW is part. In what year was the Wilderness Act passed?
  17. Which bird found in the BWCA is commonly known as the Whiskeyjack or “Camp Robber”?
  18. On what date (the actual, precise date) did the infamous “Boundary Water Blowdown” storm happen?
  19. True or false, the Boundary Waters is bigger than Quetico Provincial Park.
  20. Which of the following items are allowed in the BWCA wilderness? Stand-up paddle boards, Sails, Portage wheels, Drones

TIEBREAKER: How many lakes 10 acres in size and larger are in the BWCA?

(Answers below)









  1. Eagle Mountain – elevation 2,301 feet.
  2. 4
  3. Saganaga
  4. Any two of Border Route, Angleworm, Kekekabic, Pow Wow, Sioux Hustler, Big Moose Lake Trail, Disappointment, Eagle Mountain, Herriman Lake, Norway, South Lake, Snowbank
  5. Moose Lake
  6. Dorothy Molter
  7. Crocodile River
  8. Miron (Bud) Heinselman
  9. 320
  10. No limit (as long as you can stay in, 14 day limit at a specific campsite)
  11. High Falls of the Pigeon River (in Grand Portage State Park)
  12. Clearwater Lodge – founded in 1915
  13. 150 feet
  14. Sigurd Olson
  15. Height of Land Portage
  16. 1964
  17. Gray Jay
  18. July 4, 1999
  19. True
  20. Stand-up paddle boards


Launching the Heart of the Continent Geotourism Initiative

Jim Dion announcing the website launch in Duluth

Jim Dion announcing the website launch in Duluth

By Shannon Boehm, Friends Intern

In March, I had the privilege to be a part of a monumental event for The Heart of the Continent Partnership: The launch of their geotourism website for National Geographic. This initiative was started by Jim Dion of National Geographic. With this project, National Geographic partners with a host of regions to create a framework for engaging communities and creating a regional geotourism infrastructure for locations throughout the world. The project creates an interactive website for the region that will assist people all over the world in planning trips that sustain or enhance the geographical character of a place. With other regions throughout the country providing great success stories, The Heart of the Continent Partnership has been working with National Geographic to become one of them, and this past week’s media launch marked the beginning.

Mayor Ness and HOCP Chair Jewell at Glensheen Mansion

Mayor Ness and HOCP Chair Jewell at Glensheen Mansion

The media launch for this initiative was a two-day, three-city journey to spread awareness and gain support, with all events being held at locations showcased on the new website. On Thursday morning we started in Duluth at the historical Glensheen Mansion. We heard from several supporters and contributors to the initiative including Frank Jewell, County Commissioner for St Louis County and HOCP Chairman, Don Ness, the mayor of Duluth. We then ventured along the north shore to Grand Portage National Monument, where we were welcomed with a drum circle performance by local tribal members, and graced with the words of one of the their tribal leaders, along with other speakers promoting the new website. Our last stop was in Thunder Bay, Ontario on Friday morning at Fort Williams Historical Park. We heard from more supporters of the geotourism initiative including representatives from the offices of the mayors from both Thunder Bay and Atikokan.

Drum Circle at Grand Portage

Drum Circle at Grand Portage

This was a really great way to see the ways that people from not only different backgrounds, but also different countries can work together to support such a great initiative. They all recognized the unique attributes and natural wonders our region has to offer as well as the benefit that this National Geographic initiative could have for all of the local communities involved. I was very honored to be a part of such great discussions regarding tourism and the environment, and I look forward to watching this partnership and the geotourism initiative progress.

Visit the website and download the mobile app for iPhone or Android.

Winter Weekend Wonderland

Over 40 people joined the Friends for our annual Winter Wilderness Weekend at Camp Menogyn on the edge of the BWCA Wilderness January 16th through 19th. The weather was great, with light snow, mild temperatures and just enough clear sky to see a glimpse of the northern lights. Here are some shots from the weekend’s snowshoeing, dogsledding, and other winter activities (though there are no shots of the sauna and jumping in a hole cut in Bearskin Lake.) If you missed this weekend but would like to do something similar, YMCA Camp Menogyn offers another winter family weekend over Presidents Day weekend in February. You can register and learn more here.

Thanks to everybody who joined us and made it such a memorable weekend. Truly, the Boundary Waters are not just for summer fun – there’s a ton of fun to be had in the winter too!

The campers get an orientation to dogsledding from the Camp Menogyn mushers

The campers get an orientation to dogsledding from the Camp Menogyn mushers

The view from the dogsled, heading along the back trail behind Camp Menogyn

The view from the dogsled, heading along the back trail behind Camp Menogyn

This group went snowshoeing on the Caribou Rock Trail. This is the overlook of Bearskin Lake.

This group went snowshoeing on the Caribou Rock Trail. This is the overlook of Bearskin Lake.

The view from the top of the Caribou Rock Trail overlook of Bearskin Lake.

The view from the top of the Caribou Rock Trail overlook of Bearskin Lake.


The hill behind the dining hall is a great place to go sledding!


The Menogyn boathouse is covered in snow, but whispers a promise of canoeing in the spring



The kids had a great time in the snow

The kids had a great time in the snow

Ask the White House to Protect the Boundary Waters

If you’re a fan of “The West Wing“, you know what “Big Block of Cheese Day” is. If you aren’t, I’ll explain. In 1837, President Andrew Jackson put out a 1,400 pound block of cheese in the White House foyer and held an open house where citizens could talk about issues with White House staff. On January 21st the Obama White House will hold an online “Big Block of Cheese” day where you can engage with White House staff and executive agencies. Please help us use this opportunity to tell the White House how the importance of protecting the Boundary Waters and Lake Superior from sulfide mining pollution. While you won’t get any cheddar, you’ll help us keep protecting the Boundary Waters on the front burner in Washington, D.C.

It’s easy to do – you have three choices. If you have a Tumblr account, you can post a question directly to the White House Tumblr blog. If you use Twitter, we’ll be tweeting at the White House all day at And if you use Facebook or Twitter, you can just use the hashtag #AsktheWH.

12 – 1 PM (Central) is the best time for engaging the agencies responsible for protecting the Boundary Waters and Lake Superior from polluting mine proposals. At that time, Interior Secretary Sally Jewell (@SecretaryJewell), the Interior Department (@Interior) and the Environmental Protection Agency (@EPA) will be responding to citizen questions in real time. Here are some of the questions we are asking them – you can too, just by clicking the Tweet button after each one.

It's not as gouda as a real block of cheese, but you can help us protect the BWCA.

It’s not as gouda as a real block of cheese, but you can help us protect the BWCA.

  • .@SecretaryJewell Did you know the Boundary Waters is the most visited wilderness in the US? Please protect it. #AsktheWH                                   Tweet: .@SecretaryJewell Did you know the Boundary Waters is the most visited wilderness in the US? Please protect it. #AsktheWH
  • .@Interior Did you know the Boundary Waters is the most visited wilderness in the US? Please protect it. #AsktheWH         Tweet: .@Interior Did you know the Boundary Waters is the most visited wilderness in the US? Please protect it. #AsktheWH
  • .@EPA Please protect MN water from PolyMet’s pollution by requiring EIS to fix water model + protect wetlands #AsktheWH

    Tweet: .@EPA Please protect MN water from PolyMet's pollution by requiring EIS to fix water model + protect wetlands #AsktheWH

  • .@StateDept Please give @IJCSharedWaters a Reference to study sulfide mining pollution in Lake Superior #AsktheWH                                           Tweet: .@StateDept Please give @IJCSharedWaters a Reference to study sulfide mining pollution in Lake Superior #AsktheWH

BWCAW entry permit lottery ending, 2015 permits on sale soon

Horse Lake

Dreaming of blue skies and open water? – Photo: Cori Mattke

In the depths of winter, a beacon of hope shines – the annual opening of BWCAW permit reservations. The Boundary Waters has a simple and easy to use permit system. If you plan to camp overnight in the wilderness or utilize a limited number of entry points that permit boats with small motors for day use, you’ll need a permit. That permit entitles you to enter the wilderness area at that entry point on that day. You don’t need to reserve individual campsites, you just need a permit to enter.

To enter the BWCAW from May 1 to September 30, 2015 a permit must be acquired online, at a Forest Service office, or through a cooperating outfitter. Before May 1 or after September 30th, you can use a self-issued permit at the entry point.

The annual lottery for entry permits for Fall Lake (entry points 24 and D) and Moose Lake (entry points 25, F and G) closes on January 13th. These are two of the most popular lakes to enter the wilderness and these are the only five entry points that are in the lottery. In 2012, the Forest Service made significant changes and dropped the vast majority of entry points from the permit lottery due to improvements in technology (namely, the internet) and the fact that permits were available for nearly all entry points after a lottery process.

If you enter the lottery for these permits, you’ll get word back from the Forest Service by January 21st.

If you aren’t planning a Fall or Moose Lake entry in 2015, the date you need to mark on your calendar is Wednesday, January 28th. That’s the day that all 2015 entry permits go on sale. If you want to enter the BWCAW on a popular weekend (like Independence Day or Labor Day) you’d be well-served to get your reservation in early. Besides, there’s no better cure for the winter paddling itch than curling up by the fire with a map and planning your next big Boundary Waters adventure.

Lastly, if you’re a last-minute planner, don’t think that you can’t find an entry permit a bit later. There are almost always good options for spur of the moment BWCAW trips, but you may have to be flexible in where you put in.

What’s it like to attend a Heart of the Continent Partnership meeting?

By Allison Dobscha and Arielle Johnson, Friends Interns


A little over two weeks ago, we had the privilege of taking part in a quarterly meeting for the Heart of the Continent Partnership, a coalition of Canadian and American organizations working together to sustain the economy, ecosystems, and culture of the Ontario/Northeastern Minnesota region. As interns for the Friends since September, we have had the opportunity to taste wilderness-inspired beer at Brews and Canoes, listen to Jamie Pinkham’s engaging stories at the Annual Gathering, and discuss the work of the Friends with interested individuals at the Midwest Mountaineering Outdoor Adventure Expo. Before the HOCP meeting, we expected to simply sit, listen, and absorb everything we could from upcoming meetings and events. We did not initially anticipate that our own voices and opinions would be valued and encouraged by the HOCP participants.

HOCP attendees toured the Soudan Mine as part of the meeting.

HOCP attendees toured the Soudan Mine as part of the meeting.

On Thursday, we had the opportunity to sit in on the steering committee meeting, tour the Soudan Underground Mine, and learn more about local coalitions. We learned specifically about the Iron Range Partnership for Sustainability’s techniques for connecting citizens and nourishing strong partnerships, as well as their definition of sustainability as a three-legged stool: resources, economy, community. On Friday, several panelists spoke about their experience with Environmental Education in the region, and the entire group was asked to take an active role in exploring potential ways for the partnership to contribute to regional outdoor education projects. We brainstormed ideas for how to better educate children and families about the kinds of outdoor activities available in this beautiful part of the continent. At one point, the discussion facilitator asked to hear specifically from people under the age of thirty. Joining with some students from Vermilion Community College, we floated our ideas for creating cross-border networks and drew attention to the existing gaps in environmental education.


Laurentian Environmental Learning Center is beautiful in winter.

Arielle and I were proud to be included in this discussion and to find that we had opinions worth contributing. These conversations are common in the Friends office, but we were excited and energized by how many organizations were interested in tackling the same issues through collaboration as well. HOCP struck me as a unique group, committed to dialogue even in the face of challenges and boundaries. Our experience at the meeting genuinely raised our hopes for the future of environmental problem-solving, and for our own roles in it.

Amy and Dave Freeman Complete Incredible Paddle to DC

After 100 days of paddling, sailing and portaging from Ely, on December 3rd, Amy and Dave Freeman completed their quest to deliver their petition canoe “Sig” to Washington D.C. From the shores of Birch Lake, the Freemans paddled through the BWCA, portaged across the Grand Portage, sailed down the north shore to Duluth, across Lake Superior and Lake Huron, then paddled the Mattawa and Ottawa Rivers to the Canadian capitol, then down Lake Champlain, the Hudson River, past the Statue of Liberty, then south to Baltimore and Washington D.C. There they were joined by forty people from Minnesota who visited with lawmakers and agency staff to tell them that the Boundary Waters is too precious to put at risk from the world’s most polluting industry. The Friends of the Boundary Waters is one of thirteen partner organizations in the Campaign to Save the Boundary Waters, which provided logistics for the trip and organized the meetings in D.C.

Learn more at the Paddle to D.C. website, check out this amazing film by Patagonia’s Nate Ptacek about Amy and Dave’s journey, and see some of the best photos from the journey below.

Paddle to DC: A Quest for Clean Water from Nate Ptacek on Vimeo.

Here are Amy and Dave after meeting with White House staff to tell them about the threat to the Boundary Waters.

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“Sig” bears the signatures of hundreds of people (joined by thousands more who signed an electronic petition) asking President Obama to protect the Boundary Waters watershed from sulfide mining.

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All along the way, Dave and Amy did events to raise awareness of the threat of sulfide mining – in little towns like Knife River, MN and big cities like Ottawa, Canada. This picture is at the Patagonia store in Washington, D.C.

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In D.C., Amy and Dave presented “Sig” to U.S. Forest Service Chief Tom Tidwell, who will put it on display in the U.S. Forest Service headquarters.

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It’s not often you see a canoe being portaged past the Washington Monument…

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or paddled past the Statue of Liberty.

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Thanks to Dave and Amy from bringing the message about the threat to this precious place from Ely, Minnesota …


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To the intersection of Ely and Minnesota in Washington D.C.!

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Photo credits: Dave and Amy Freeman (freemanexplore on Instagram) and Nate Ptacek (arborealis on Instagram)

How many miles is 22,616 rods?

Don’t bother getting out your calculator, it’s about 70 miles. It’s also the length of portage trails that volunteers brushed and cleared this year through the Superior Wilderness Volunteer Connection program.

For the last several years, the Friends has partnered with the Superior National Forest and REI to administer this program that connects volunteers who want to give back to the wilderness with opportunities and training. Since wilderness work is challenging and the tools are somewhat specialized (2-person cross cut saws, for example), a formal program like this one is essential.

In 2014, volunteers working through the Superior Wilderness Volunteer did an amazing amount of work to maintain portages and campsites in the BWCA.

10624766_10152443169017724_2013686901144702248_nBy the numbers, Superior Wilderness Volunteers….

  • Spent 402 days in the field
  • Cleared 48 miles of hiking / ski trails
  • Brushed and cleared 22,616 rods of portage trails
  • Maintained 614 campsites
  • Dug 88 latrines for those campsites
  • Cleared 493 hazard trees in campsites

As you can see, volunteers are incredibly important to maintaining the parts of the BWCA that you might encounter as a visitor. Thanks to them for all of their hard work, and thanks to our partners, REI and Superior National Forest for partnering with us.

(Photo credit: Wilderness Volunteers)

A 50th Anniversary of the Wilderness Act Canoe Trip

by Paul Danicic, Executive Director

Last month, on the 50th anniversary of the day President Lyndon Johnson signed the Wilderness Act, I was on trail in the Boundary Waters Wilderness with a group of people I did not know. We were all there to celebrate our country’s creation of wilderness areas, discuss what wilderness means to us now, and talk about what issues it faces today and in the future. Though I was prepared for serious work, I had a great time.

The canoe trip featured a diverse group of paddlers and perspectives. We had Forest Service leaders, congressional staffers, scientists, educators, local residents, younger paddlers and wilderness advocates like me. Not all were Boundary Waters experienced but all were prepared to paddle, bone up on wilderness values and have the types of conversations about them you can only get around a campfire in the wild.

This trip was not meant to harbor panel or workshop-type discussions but to allow people to really dive deeply into how they felt about wilderness, its meaning, its threats and their own hopes for the future. The Forest Service folks were keeping notes. They want ideas in advance of their Forest Planning process coming up in a few years. We talked about values contained in the Wilderness Act – untrammelled, natural, undeveloped, opportunities for solitude or a primitive, unconfined type of recreation.

  • Canoe trip participants plan a route

    Canoe trip participants plan their route (Photo courtesy J.P. Yates)

    Untrammelled means unmanipulated; unshackled from human manipulation controlling ecological systems. Often mistaken for “untrampled,” this is a primary difference between wildernesses and other protected lands. By calling a place a “wilderness,” we collectively decide to leave it alone – a very difficult thing for us humans to do.

  • Natural speaks to wilderness areas being substantially free from the intended or unintended effects of modern civilization. Natural systems dominate after an area is designated wilderness.
  • Undeveloped assures wilderness retains its primeval character and influence, without permanent improvements from human habitation. The moose and bear and fish and turtles are at home here and we are simply guests.
  • Ensuring opportunities for solitude and unconfined recreation was a thoughtful part of the language of the Wilderness Act. Knowing that the pace of modern civilization had the ability to gobble up just about every speck of land, the Wilderness Act’s authors sought to ensure a place where Americans can have “… an antidote to the high pressure of modern life, a means of regaining serenity and equilibrium,” in the words of Sigurd Olson.

Everyone found their own value within these character traits of wilderness. But it was also agreed that wilderness means much more than these four qualities. For many people, wilderness is a spiritual realm. For others, wilderness sustains their business and their community’s economy. Many visitors come for the scenic beauty of wilderness, others come searching for a proving ground of sorts where young people can undergo a positive rite of passage.

Anything that degrades wilderness also degrades our society’s ability to experience these wilderness values, and that would be a huge loss to future generations. In discussing threats that face wilderness and in particular the Boundary Waters, it was clear how great a threat copper-nickel or sulfide mining proposals pose. In my trail group it was discussed at length. A discussion with all three trail groups at the end of the trip showed that this new type of mining so near to the Boundary Waters was a matter of serious concern to all.

The other very clear common concern was how the next generation would relate to the wilderness. Would it be only through virtual experiences? Will they value the opportunity to experience absolute silence like they can in the Boundary Waters Wilderness, one of only a handful of places left to escape human made noises? Will they vote to protect it for their children? People in my group were concerned about connecting the millennial generation to the BWCA as deeply as older, more seasoned paddlers.

I came away from this trip refreshed, and not just because I was paddling boreal rivers and lakes and camping with interesting people. I found that other people with different perspectives and from different occupations shared similar values, concerns and hopes for the future of the Boundary Waters. Another participant, Friends intern Emily Northard, and I attended the Lake Superior Wilderness Conference in Duluth immediately after the trip. There again we heard these same two concerns discussed at length.

It is good to know so many others, including those who manage the resource the Friends is sworn to protect, have this deep concern for the Border Lakes region, its woods, waters, wildlife and gateway communities. On this 50th Anniversary of the Wilderness Act, it is clear the BWCA is relevant, vibrant, much loved, and cherished. This gives me hope that it will be around 50 years from now. I can see people having a good time paddling together and discussing how important it is to their lives.

Minnesota Water Trails Summit

by Aaron Klemz, Communications and Engagement Director

This week, over 100 people gathered in St. Cloud for the Minnesota Water Trails Summit to celebrate 50 years of the Minnesota Water Trails program and share best practices for developing paddlesports recreation in Minnesota. I joined them to learn more about how people across Minnesota are integrating paddling into their communities, developing the next generation of paddlers, and creating economic opportunities based on paddlesports.

This event was attended by a wide variety of outfitters, local government officials, park professionals, nonprofit groups, and Minnesota Department of Natural Resources employees who work on the Water Trails program. Here are some facts that I learned at the summit:

Participants canoed through the Beaver Islands in St. Cloud and listened to presentations about this section of the Mississippi

Participants canoed through the Beaver Islands in St. Cloud and listened to presentations about this section of the Mississippi

  • Minnesota has over 4,500 miles of designated water trails on 33 rivers and the shoreline of Lake Superior
  • Designated water trails have signed and maintained access points, maps, and many have campsites
  • Registrations of non-motorized boats (like canoes, kayaks, and standup paddleboards) are a quarter of all boat registrations in Minnesota
  • Registrations of canoes in Minnesota are steady, and registrations of kayaks and stand up paddleboards are increasing dramatically
  • Tourism is a $12.5 billion industry in Minnesota, creating 245,000 jobs and comprising 17% of all sales tax revenue

The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness may be the crown jewel of Minnesota’s paddling opportunities, but Minnesota offers an incredible breadth of paddling opportunities. Sometimes you only have a day, or just an afternoon to get on the water. Minnesota’s Water Trail system offers amazing access to great paddling in urban, suburban, and rural environments – from near wilderness experiences to highly developed places.

The continuum of paddling options in Minnesota is also critical for the growth of paddle sports and the development of the next generation of water stewards. Greg Lais of Wilderness Inquiry (WI) kicked off the conference with a speech that described how his childhood experiences led to a lifelong love of paddling. It also introduced people to the Urban Wilderness Canoe Adventures program and WI’s outreach programs to inner-city schools. Keynote speaker Natalie Warren of Wild River Academy described how she first experienced paddling in the Boundary Waters through YMCA Camp Menogyn, and then went on develop a non-profit dedicated to outdoor education. As she described it, her wilderness experiences inspired her to retrace Eric Sevareid’s “Canoeing with the Cree” route to Hudson Bay. On that journey, she enjoyed the interactions with people in communities along the way. Subsequently, she’s organized long-distance river expeditions called “Paddle Forward” that interact with students and community members as part of the trip.

Protecting the Boundary Waters can only be accomplished if there are a lot of people out there who love it. Events like the Minnesota Water Trails Summit showcase the work that many people are doing to pass on a love of water-based recreation to the next generation. The abundance of paddling options and the number of people working to highlight paddlesports in their communities bodes well for our work to protect clean water in the Boundary Waters and across the Quetico-Superior.